Gradual changes will not bring about the reduction of emissions in time. The study introduces the concept of step changes, jumps that allow faster progress and break the trend. The incorporation of intelligence is key to activate these rapid response mechanisms. 


The technology brings intelligence to the energy sector through smart electricity grids, buildings or transport systems. An example of the incorporation of intelligence into the energy system is the active participation of the demand, that is to say, the energy users, in both the operation and the management of the energy system, providing greater system flexibility and therefore more efficiency.


Although the study focuses on the technological aspect, the introduction of intelligence is needed in all of the systems: political, administrative, social and economical (with business models that link revenues to efficiency and energy saving, and not to waste).